The fascinating construction:
It has very particular but aesthetic construction. It always has two drums playing together. The big bass drum is called the Bayan and the smaller one is called the Dayan. The drums have different layers of skins. The body of the drums are closed with tight leather skin to the bottom and the top is open to play.
The right hand drum is called the Dayan. Generally it is made out of different kinds of wood. The membrane has diameter of five inches to maximum six inches. The total size of a Dayan depends on the diameter of the main skin.
The left hand drum is called the Bayan. It can be made of
• Clay etc.
Though brass mixed with the nickel or chrome plate is the most commonly used material for the Bayan. It is mainly handles the bass part of it. It is played with the middle finger and index finger of the left hand.
There is a black portion in the centre of the skin which is called the Gab. The Gab is a specific area to produce particular but different kind of sound. This black area is responsible for the different rhythm and sound modulations. The more the variety and combination of sound is there, the better the rhythm becomes. The art of the player depends on the way he/ she uses the Gab.
The drums are generally placed on some special kinds of the rings named Bira, which provides the maintenance and support to the drums. It acts as the holders of the drums. It has no special function except giving the drums a fixed holding position.
The tuning wedges:
There are multiple tuning wedges in one drum. They are strapped with leathers and can be moved upwards or downwards with a help of a small hammer. It sets the sound on a higher or lower pitch. Only a fine tuning can set the perfect mood of the music.
Basic strokes and table taals:
The musical instrument tablehas a very unique combination of playing style and technique. The different types of rhythms are produced depending on the combination of drums are playing. The different style of using the hands creates different kinds of strokes and taals. Taals are originated in the Vedic time. The basic strokes are originally from the Upanishad era and they are the followings,
• Ghe or ga
• Ka or kath
• Dhere dhere
The traditional of the Gharanas:
Gharana means the family or the basic origination of the custom. It defines the specific development and lineage of the music playing. Every Gharana has different and their own style of playing tabla. Some of the famous Indian gharanas are,
• Lucknow Gharana
• Delhi Gharana
• Benares Gharana
• Ajrara Gharana
• Farukhabad Gharana
• Punjab Gharana etc.
Some of these Gharana has sub gharanas or sub style which is little different from the main Gharana.